Lemurs are prosimians, which are a type of primate. Other more familiar primates include monkeys, apes, and humans. Lemurs are found only on the African island of Madagascar and here they evolved in isolation. Unlike monkeys, lemurs have a moist nose and rely more heavily on their sense of smell. Physically many have especially pointed snouts and all but the largest lemur, the indri, have long tails. Today we know there are more than 100 kinds of lemur and new species are continuing to be described by scientists.


As reported in the journal Science, lemurs are now “the most threatened mammal group on Earth.” The lemur taxa categorized as “threatened” shot up from 74% to 94% between 2008 and 2012. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) estimates that, at current rates, 90 species of lemurs face extinction in the next 20 years.



Lemurs at the Myakka City Reserve

Six lemur species live at LCF: collared lemurs (Eulemur collaris), common brown lemurs (Eulemur fulvus), mongoose lemurs (Eulemur mongoz), Sanford’s lemurs (Eulemur sanfordi), ringtailed lemurs (Lemur catta), and red ruffed lemurs (Varecia rubra).


LCF initially focused on common brown lemurs, but the colony has expanded to accommodate other species in cooperation with other conservation groups. LCF’s lemurs offer scientists and students research opportunities with the goal of improving conservation practices.


Through managed breeding coordinated by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums, LCF has also contributed to the genetic diversity of captive mongoose, brown, and collared lemurs. These births help stave off total species extinction.

Mongoose Lemur

(Eulemur mongoz)

Common Brown Lemur

(Eulemur fulvus)

Ring-tailed Lemur

(Lemur catta)

Sanford’s Brown Lemur

(Eulemur sanfordi)

Collared Brown Lemur

(Eulemur collaris)

Red Ruffed Lemur

(Varecia rubra)

Lemurs of Anjanaharibe-Sud Special Reserve

Located in the northeast, Anjanaharibe-Sud Special Reserve (ASSR) is LCF's main focal site for work in Madagascar. Here there are at least 11 lemur species, including some of the most threatened such as the silky sifaka (Propithecus candidus) and indri (Indri indri). Through a diverse conservation strategy, LCF is working to protect the lemur populations of ASSR through improved habitat management and scientific study.

Silky Sifaka

(Propithecus candidus)

Mittermeier's Mouse Lemur

(Microcebus mittermeieri)

Greater Dwarf Lemur

(Cheirogaleus major)
Photo by Alex Hyde

Northern Bamboo Lemur

(Hapalemur occidentalis)

Aye Aye

(Daubentonia madagascariensis)

Eastern Woolly Lemur

(Avahi laniger)


(Indri indri)

White-fronted Brown Lemur

(Eulemur albifrons)

Red-bellied Lemur

(Eulemur rubriventer)

Seal's Sportive Lemur

(Lepilemur seali)

Hairy-eared Mouse Lemur

(Allocebus trichotis)
Photo by Nick Garbutt

Photo by Nick Garbutt http://nickgarbutt.com/

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Lemur Conservation Foundation, P.O. Box 249, Myakka City, Florida 34251 | 941-322-8494